2. Afana, A., Dalgard, O.S., Bjertness,E., and Grunfeld, B. The Ability of General Practitioners to Detect Mental Disorders among Primary Care Patients in a Stressful Environment: Gaza Strip. Journal of Public Health Medicine 2002; 24,4: 326-331.

The aim of this study is to investigate the detection rate by general practitioners (GPs) of mental disorders in a primary health care setting and relating the findings to selected GP characteristics and patient socio-demographic characteristics. The patients were assessed with respect to mental disorders by Hopkins Symptom Checklist 25 (HSCL25), and the GPs were independently asked to fill in the Goldberg checklist II to assess the patient after consultation. The sample consists of 10 primary health care clinics in the Gaza strip, which were randomly selected from the five regions that form the Gaza Strip. Thirty-two GPs and 661 patients participated in the study.  The study showed that the GPs detected only 11.6% of patients with mental disorders at HSCL25 score> 1.75, and that the GPs assessment was not significantly associated with the HSCL25 scores. GPs with postgraduate psychiatric training performed better in detecting mental disorders, likewise female GPs and those who were more than 40 years old. The results also revealed that the GPs were more able to detect mental disorders among patients older than 25 years, and in female patients.